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Resources for Orthopaedic Disorders

Arthritis

Arthritis and other rheumatic diseases are characterized by pain, swelling, and limited movement in joints and connective tissues in the body.

Arthroscopy

Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.

Common Orthopedic Disorders

Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital tunnel syndrome feels similar to the pain that occurs from hitting the "funny" bone in your elbow. The condition may occur if you frequently bend your elbows, constantly lean on your elbows, or sustain a direct injury to the area.

Orthopedic Treatment Team

Members of your treatment team may include an orthopedic surgeon, a rheumatologist, and a physical therapist.

Evaluation Procedures

To help the orthopedist determine your treatment, you'll need a physical exam, a medical history profile, and a description of symptoms.

Foot Pain and Problems

Foot pain is often caused by improper foot function. Improperly fitted shoes can worsen and, in some cases, cause foot problems.

Fractures

A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed.

Home Page - Orthopedic Surgery

Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.

Patellar Tendonitis (Jumper's Knee)

Jumper's knee is also known as patellar tendonitis. It may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces.

Knee Replacement Surgery

When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.

Ligament Injuries to the Knee

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.

Neck Pain and Problems

Neck pain can result from many different causes—injury to muscles, tendons, or ligaments; arthritis; a herniated disc; or a tumor.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a chronic, degenerative, joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis causes a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

Exercise and the Aging Person

Exercise is good for people of all ages. It helps lower blood pressure, reduces the risks for falls and serious injuries, and slows the body's loss of muscle and bone mass.

Preventing Sports Injuries

Good preventive steps: Warm up before you work out, alternate days for exercising certain muscle groups, and cool down when you're done.

Topic Index - Orthopedic Disorders

Detailed information on the most common orthopedic disorders, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, elbow pain, elbow problems, cubital tunnel syndrome, lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow), medial epicondylitis (golfers el

Torn Meniscus

Meniscus tears can occur during a rotating movement while bearing weight, such as when twisting the upper leg while the foot stays in one place during sports and other activities.

Treatment Plans

For most orthopedic disorders and injuries, more than one form of treatment may be appropriate.

Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a forward curvature of the spine. It is a type of spinal deformity and should not be confused with poor posture.

Hip Fracture

A hip fracture is classified by the specific area of the break and the type of break(s) in the bone. It is a serious injury and requires immediate medical attention.

Scoliosis

A spine affected by scoliosis shows a sideways curvature and a rotation of the vertebrae, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.

Shin Splints

Shin splints involve damage to one of two groups of muscles along the shin bone that cause pain. The location of the shin splint pain depends on which group of muscles is damaged.

Sports and Fractures

Stress fractures are weak spots or small cracks in the bone caused by continuous overuse. They often occur in the foot after training for basketball, running, and other sports.

Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which a damaged hip joint is replaced with an artificial hip joint. It is most commonly recommended as a treatment for severe osteoarthritis or damage due to fracture.

Bursitis

A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that cushions a joint. When a bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is known as bursitis.

Fibromyalgia

Detailed information on fibromyalgia, including cause, triggers, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Sports Injuries

Many sports injuries can be prevented with proper conditioning and training, wearing appropriate protective gear, and using proper equipment.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Detailed information on rheumatoid arthritis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Women develop carpal tunnel syndrome three times more frequently than men. It usually occurs only in adults.

Low Back Pain

Low back pain can range from mild, dull, and annoying to persistent, severe, and disabling pain. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning.

Sympathetic Nerve Blocks for Pain

This therapy targets the sympathetic nervous system, a series of nerves that spread out from your spine to your body to help control several body functions, including blood flow.

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections

If you are experiencing intense, intractable pain in your legs or arms from inflamed spinal nerves, then an epidural steroid injection might be the preferred treatment to quickly give you relief.

Injectable Corticosteroids

Corticosteroid injections can treat a variety of skeletal, muscular, and spinal conditions. Some of these injections can be done by your health care provider during a routine clinic visit; others require a referral to a pain specialist.

Cryotherapy (Cold Therapy) for Pain Management

When used to treat injuries at home, cryotherapy refers to cold therapy with ice or gel packs that are usually kept in the freezer until needed. These remain one of the simplest, time-tested remedies for managing pain and swelling.

Patient-Controlled Analgesia Pumps

Patient-controlled analgesia is a method of pain management that allows you to decide when you will get a dose of pain medication. You don’t need to wait for a nurse, and you can get smaller doses of pain medicine more frequently.
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