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Resources for Pediatrics

Airway Obstruction

Detailed information on airway obstruction and children, including choking, suffocation, and strangulation

Allergies

Detailed information on allergies in children, including information on allergic rhinitis and food allergies

Antibiotics

Detailed information on the use of antibiotics and children

Bedwetting (Enuresis)

Detailed information on bedwetting (enuresis) in children, including causes, diagnosis, and treatment of urinary incontinence

Birthmarks in Infants

Your baby may not have been delivered by stork, but some infants are left with “stork bites” on the backs of their necks. These pink or red patches are just one type of birthmark or variation in skin color that are common in babies.

Breastfeeding

Detailed information on breastfeeding and starting to breastfeeding

Dental Health

Detailed information on dental health for children

First-Aid Kit

Detailed list of recommended items for a household first-aid kit

Healthy Child Lifestyles

Detailed information on healthy child lifestyles, including information on dental health, nutrition, vision, speech, hearing, sleep, toilet-training, and discipline

Infections

Detailed information on infections in children

Bites and Stings: Insects

Detailed information on insect bites, including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease

Neurological Conditions

Detailed information on neurological disorders in children, including headaches, head injury and seizures/epilepsy

Orthopedic Conditions

Detailed information on orthopedic disorders in children, including fractures, sports injuries, overuse injuries, sprains, strains, and heat-related illness

Otitis Media

Detailed information on otitis media, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

Pediatrician

You take your kids to the pediatrician for tummy aches and fevers, but a pediatrician does a lot more than care for sick children. This doc is responsible for your child’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being—in sickness and in health.

Poisoning

Detailed information on poisoning, including poison on the skin, in the eye, and poisonous fumes and gas

Respiratory Conditions

Detailed information on respiratory conditions in children, including asthma, croup, the common cold, and the flu

Safety and Injury Prevention for Children

Detailed information on safety and injury prevention for children, including information on household safety, first-aid kit, airway obstruction, poisoning, bicycle safety, in-line skating safety, skateboarding safety, scooter safety, toy safety, sports sa

Skin Conditions

Detailed information on skin conditions in children, including acne, birthmarks, bites, stings, blisters, burns, contact dermatitis, cradle cap (seborrheic dermatitis), diaper rash, impetigo, lice, poison ivy, poison oak, sunburn, and warts

Hordeolum (Stye)

Detailed information on stye, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Well-Care Visits

Detailed information on well-care visits and children, including when well-care visits should be scheduled

Otitis Externa (Swimmer's Ear)

Swimmer's ear is caused by fungi or bacteria that are encouraged to grow because of water that remains trapped in the ear canal after swimming.

Temper Tantrums

These fits of rage—the stomping, screaming, and falling on the floor—are a normal part of childhood development. Temper tantrums often occur only with a parent. They are a way for the child to communicate his or her feelings.

Measuring a Baby's Temperature

Most physicians recommend taking a baby's temperature rectally, by placing a thermometer in the baby's anus. This method is accurate and gives a quick reading of the baby's internal temperature.

The Growing Child: 3-Year-Olds

Most 3-year-olds have lost the rounded tummy of a toddler. Your child can use a spoon well and can wash and dry his or her hands.

Thumb Sucking

Thumb sucking is normal in infants and young children. It shouldn't cause any permanent problems if your child stops by age 5.

Time-Out

Detailed information on child discipline and time-out

Warts in Children

Detailed information on the most common types of warts, including foot warts, flat warts, genital warts, and filiform warts

Diaper Dermatitis

Detailed information on diaper dermatitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Colic

Though the name sounds like a disease, colic is really just a term for excessive crying in an infant. Unfortunately, nobody knows for sure what causes colic, but there are several theories and possible risk factors for the condition.

Fever in Children

When your child has a fever, the body resets its thermostat at a higher temperature. This helps the body fight off invading microorganisms.

General Principles of Discipline

Most children need to be given consistent, clear rules and expectations about behavior. Discipline needs to begin as soon as the child is mobile—pulling up and crawling.

Headaches in Children

Many headaches in children may be caused by tight muscles and dilated blood vessels in the head. Other headaches may be caused by an actual problem, such as a tumor or malformation of the brain, although this is much less common.

Influenza (Flu) in Children

Influenza is a highly contagious infection of the upper respiratory system. It's one of the most severe illnesses of the winter season, affecting up to 20 percent of Americans each year.

Lying and Stealing

Lying and stealing are common, but inappropriate, behaviors in school-aged children. Most of the time these behaviors will be outgrown.

Nightmares and Night Terrors

A night terror is a partial waking from sleep with behaviors such as screaming, kicking, panic, sleep walking, thrashing, or mumbling.

Orthodontics/Braces for Children

Orthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on the development, prevention, and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws.

Overuse Injuries

Detailed information on overuse injuries in children, including jumper's knee, patellar tendonitis, little leaguers' elbow, little leaguers' shoulder, osteochondritis dissecans, Sever's disease, shin splints, Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease, spondylolisthesis, and spondylolysis

Poison Ivy and Children

Detailed information on poison ivy/poison oak, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

Allergic Rhinitis

Pollen, dust mites, mold, and animal dander are the most common causes of allergic rhinitis.

All About Asthma in Children

What causes asthma? It may be partially inherited, but many other environmental, infectious, and chemical factors are involved.

Chickenpox

Detailed information on chickenpox, including symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and immunity

Circumcision

Whether you decided to have your baby boy circumcised or not, it’s important to know how to care for his special needs. Find tips for caring for both circumcised and uncircumcised babies.

Diarrhea in Children

Diarrhea is defined either as watery stool or increased frequency of stool—or both—when compared with a normal amount. It is a common problem that may last a few days and disappear on its own.

Croup

Croup is most common in children younger than 5, with the peak age around 2. Croup occurs most often in winter.

Acne in Children

Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. With acne, the sebaceous glands are clogged, which leads to pimples and cysts.

Discipline

Detailed information on disciplining a child, including information on time-out, temper tantrum, lying, stealing, and television and children

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by the human parvovirus. It is most prevalent in the winter and spring and is usually seen in school-aged children.

Constipation in Children

Common causes of constipation in children: a low-fiber diet, not enough fluids, lack of exercise, and emotional issues.

Childhood Immunizations

Your little one will need several immunization shots to help protect her from several childhood diseases, some of which can be deadly. Knowing which shots she needs, when, and what to do in the event of a minor reaction is important.

Impetigo

Detailed information on impetigo, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Head Injury in Children

The more common causes of head injury in children are falls, motor vehicle accidents—in which the child is either a passenger or a pedestrian—or a result of child abuse.

Healthy Sleep Habits

The normal amount of sleep varies depending on the age of your child. A 2-year-old needs 10 to 12 hours a night, plus naps during the day. By age 6, a child usually has dropped naps, but still needs 10 hours at night.

Learning Disorders

Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities. Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another academic area.

Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds are fairly common in children, especially in dry climates or during the winter months, when dry heat inside homes and buildings can cause drying, cracking, or crusting inside the nose.

Conjunctivitis

You had conjunctivitis as a child, now your baby has symptoms of it. Your first step should be a call to your doctor, who will make a diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Fractures

A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture occurs, it is classified as either open or closed.

Bites and Stings

Detailed information on insect bites, including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease

Burns in Children

Detailed information on burns, burn types, classification of burns, and burn treatment

Roseola

Detailed information on roseola, including cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Seizures and Epilepsy in Children

A seizure occurs when parts of the brain receive a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily interrupts normal electrical brain function.

Sinusitis in Children

Detailed information on sinusitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Sleep

Detailed information on healthy sleep habits of children, including information on nightmares and night terrors

Sports Injuries and Children

Detailed information on sports injuries in children, including overuse injuries, sprains, strains, and heat-related illnesses

Sports Safety for Children

Because they are still growing, children are more susceptible to sports injuries. Half of those injuries could be prevented with proper safety gear, safer playing environments, and established safety rules.

Sprains and Strains in Children

Strains, sprains, and bruises make up the majority of sports injuries. Treatment for a strain or sprain depends on the child's age and the extent of the injury.

The Growing Child: 10 to 12 Months

Your child can now says da-da and ma-ma, and possibly two other words, as well. He or she can also make a simple gesture such as shaking the head.

The Growing Child: 1-Year-Olds

Your child is a toddler now and very active! He or she can climb stairs while holding on and play with push and pull toys.

The Growing Child: 2-Year-Olds

Speech at this age is becoming clearer. Your child has a vocabulary of 200 to 300 words and can tell his or her age and name.

The Growing Child: Newborn

In the first month of life, babies usually catch up and surpass their birthweight, then steadily continue to gain weight.

Sunburn

Detailed information sunburn, including symptoms and treatment

Toy Safety

Detailed information on toy safety and injury prevention in children

Teething

A baby's first tooth usually appears between 5 and 7 months of age. Often, the two middle bottom teeth come through the gums first, followed by the middle four upper teeth.

Television and Children

Detailed information on television and children, including suggestions for helping set good television viewing habits

Bulimia Nervosa in Adolescents

Bulimia nervosa is defined as uncontrolled episodes of overeating (bingeing) usually followed by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, enemas, or medications in an attempt to control weight.

Household Safety Checklist

Use this list as part of a thorough safety check of your home. It can help prevent accidents and injuries.

Nutrition Index

Detailed nutrition information for mothers who are breastfeeding or bottle-feeding, and toddlers, preschool-aged children, school-aged children, and adolescents

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa (or simply anorexia) is an eating disorder that causes people to obsess about their weight and food.

Infectious Mononucleosis

Detailed information on infectious mononucleosis, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and transmission

Preschooler Nutrition

Preschool children are still developing their eating habits and need encouragement to eat healthy meals and snacks.

School-Aged Child Nutrition

Eating healthy after-school snacks is important at this age, as these snacks may contribute up to one-third of the total calorie intake for the day.

Toddler Nutrition

Mealtime with a toddler can be challenging, because children at this age are striving for independence and control. It's best to provide structure and set limits.

Bottle-Feeding

Detailed information on bottle-feeding, including information on the different types of baby formula
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