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Resources for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


Detailed information on amputation, including causes and types of rehabilitation programs for amputations

Specialized Areas of Rehabilitation

Detailed information on the most common types of rehabilitation, including cardiac rehabilitation, pulmonary rehabilitation, cancer rehabilitation, musculoskeletal rehabilitation, and neurological rehabilitation


Audiologists measure and evaluate a person's ability to hear sounds, and specialize in the treatment of people with hearing disorders.

Acquired Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury occurs when a sudden, external, physical assault damages the brain. It is one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults.


Detailed information on burns, burn types, classification of burns, burn treatment, and burn rehabilitation

Cancer Rehabilitation

Detailed information on cancer rehabilitation, including members of the rehabilitation team

Rehabilitation Case Manager

Case managers usually don't provide direct patient care, but may work either as part of the rehab team or for the patient's insurance company.


Chaplains act as spiritual counselors to help patients and families through periods of crisis.

Choosing a Rehabilitation Unit/CARF

Rehabilitation services are provided in many different places, including hospitals, long-term care facilities, and community health centers.

Community Re-Entry

One of the main goals of rehabilitation is to prepare the patient for life after discharge.

Registered Dietitian

Registered dietitians work with health care providers to calculate calorie and nutrient needs, design special diets, and offer other nutritional advice to patients.

Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy

Pregnancy does not appear to speed up the course or worsen the effects of MS. Some studies have found that MS symptoms decrease in pregnancy and increase after delivery.

Back and Neck Pain

Pain in the back or neck area can be acute, which comes on suddenly and intensely, or chronic, which can last for weeks, months, or even years. The pain can be continuous or intermittent.

Neurological Rehabilitation

Neurological rehabilitation is a physician-supervised program designed for people with diseases, trauma, or disorders of the nervous system. Neurological rehabilitation can often improve function, reduce symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.

Occupational Therapist

An occupational therapist helps patients learn how to carry out activities of daily living at home, on the job, and in the community.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

An orthotist makes and fits braces and splints for patients who need added support for body parts that have been weakened by injury or disease. A prosthetist makes and fits artificial limbs for patients with disabilities.

Patient and Family

You as the patient and your family are the most important members of the rehabilitation team.


The physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation is called a physiatrist.

Physical Therapist

Physical therapists focus on restoring a patient's mobility (movement) and function, and preventing of further disability.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation

A pulmonary rehabilitation program is tailored to meet the needs of the individual patient and the specific lung problem or disease.

Recreation Therapist

Recreation therapists design programs to help patients develop social skills and learn to participate in leisure group activities.

Rehabilitation Nurse

A rehabilitation nurse specializes in helping people with disabilities and chronic illness to reach their best function and health, and to adapt to an altered lifestyle.

Repetitive Motion Injury

Repetitive motion injuries, also called repetitive stress injuries, are temporary or permanent injuries to muscles, nerves, ligaments, and tendons caused by performing the same motion over and over again.

Respiratory Therapist

Respiratory therapists help treat and restore function for patients with airway and breathing problems.

Clinical Social Worker

A clinical social worker is a professional counselor who helps alleviate problems related to personal, family, or social situations.

Spinal Cord Injury

A traumatic injury to the spine can cause a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas.

Speech/Language Pathologist

A speech/language pathologist helps treat people with communication problems that result from disability, surgery, or developmental disorders. This specialist also treats people with swallowing disorders caused by stroke or brain injury.

Sports-Related Injuries

What is a contusion? A sprain? A strain? Find out more about these common sports injuries.

Statistics of Disability

Approximately 54 million people in the US have some type of disability, with physical, sensory, mental, and self-care effects ranging from mild to severe.


Stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted. A blood clot can block one of the vital blood vessels in the brain or a blood vessel in the brain can burst, spilling blood into surrounding tissues.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is longstanding pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a chronic health condition, such as arthritis.


Osteoporosis causes a loss of bone mass and destruction of bone tissue. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.

Physical Rehabilitation at the Hospital

If you are in the hospital recovering from surgery, healing from an injury, or being treated for a disabling medical condition, physical rehabilitation may be an important part of your treatment.

Outpatient Rehabilitation

If you’re recovering from an illness, surgery, or injury and need outpatient rehabilitation, this means you’ll receive one or more types of therapy after you’ve been discharged from a hospital or clinic.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, or HBOT, is a type of treatment used to speed up healing of carbon monoxide poisoning, gangrene, stubborn wounds, and infections in which tissues are starved for oxygen.

Complications of Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment

Side effects of HBOT are generally mild as long as the therapy lasts no longer than two hours and the pressure inside the chamber is less than three times that of the normal pressure in the atmosphere.
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