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Overview

Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.

AIDS-Related Malignancies

People who have AIDS are much more likely to get certain types of cancer than people without the disease.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

Pap Test

A Pap test is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix.

Cervical Biopsy

A cervical biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions in a woman’s lower genital tract.

Colposcopy

Colposcopy is a procedure that uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope, to examine the cervix (opening to the uterus) and vagina for abnormalities.

Deciding on Treatment

Chemotherapy

Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

Radiation Therapy

Radiation is often used to treat prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland, or has spread only to nearby tissue.

Surgery

Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.

Hormone Therapy

Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

Managing Side Effects

Fatigue: Management

Fatigue can come and go or stay constant for a while. Fatigue from chemotherapy tends to occur a few days after the treatment, peaks, and then gets better before the next treatment. Fatigue from radiation may not happen right away.

Prevention and Screening

How Can You Prevent Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer because you can control the risk factors. A screening test is available, as is a vaccine for girls and young women.

The Facts on Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the United States. Anyone who has sex is at risk for chlamydia.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

Cancer FAQs

Advanced Reading

Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer develops from abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix that spread deeper or to other tissues or organs. This type of cancer occurs most often in women older than 40.
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