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Interactive Health Library

Overview

Anatomy of the Prostate Gland

The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the neck of a man’s bladder and urethra—the tube that carries urine from the bladder.

Prostate Cancer

In the past 30 years, the five-year survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer combined has increased from 73 percent to nearly 100 percent.

The Genetics of Prostate Cancer

The majority of cases of prostate cancer are sporadic, which means that one person in the family developed prostate cancer by chance at a typical age for this cancer. In these cases, other male relatives have little to no increased risk of developing prostate cancer.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

Prostate Biopsy

A prostate biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed with a special needle to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.

Prostate/Rectal Sonogram

A sonogram uses ultrasound technology to allow quick visualization of the prostate and related structures from outside the body. It may be used to examine the prostate gland for evidence of cancer.

Staging of Prostate Cancer

When prostate cancer is diagnosed, tests are performed to determine how much cancer is present, and if the cancer has spread from the prostate to other parts of the body.

Grading of Prostate Cancer

The cancer grading system is based on a number range. The lower the number, the lower the grade, and the slower the cancer is growing.

Deciding on Treatment

Managing Side Effects

Prevention and Screening

Cancer FAQs

Advanced Reading

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