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Overview

Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

Uterine Cancer

Cancer of the uterus usually occurs around the time menopause begins. The occasional reappearance of bleeding should not be considered simply part of menopause, but should be checked by a doctor.

Uterine Fibroids

Some estimates say that 20 to 50 percent of women of reproductive age have fibroids, although not all are diagnosed. In most cases, fibroids are benign.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

Endometrial Biopsy

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure performed to obtain a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus.

Dilation and Curettage (D and C)

A dilation and curettage procedure, also called a D and C, is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a spoon-shaped instrument to remove abnormal tissues.

Pelvic Ultrasound

Ultrasound, or sound wave technology, is used to examine the organs and structures in the female pelvis.

Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope.

Deciding on Treatment

Chemotherapy

Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

Radiation Therapy

Radiation is often used to treat prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland, or has spread only to nearby tissue.

Surgery

Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. Different portions of the uterus, as well as other organs, may be removed at the same time.

Hormone Therapy

Detailed information on hormone therapy as one type of cancer treatment

Managing Side Effects

Fatigue: Management

Fatigue can come and go or stay constant for a while. Fatigue from chemotherapy tends to occur a few days after the treatment, peaks, and then gets better before the next treatment. Fatigue from radiation may not happen right away.

Cancer FAQs

Advanced Reading

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