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Overview

Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area

The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva.

Vaginal Cancer

Cancer of the vagina is rare. Certain factors thought to raise the risk for this type of cancer include advancing age, history of cervical cancer, and infection with the human papillomavirus.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

Pap Test

A Pap test is a screening test to collect and microscopically examine cells taken from the cervix.

Colposcopy

Colposcopy is a procedure that uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope, to examine the cervix (opening to the uterus) and vagina for abnormalities.

Treatment Decisions

Chemotherapy

Detailed information on chemotherapy for treatment of gynecological cancers

Radiation Therapy

Radiation is often used to treat prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland, or has spread only to nearby tissue.

Surgery

Detailed information the most common types of surgery to treat cancer, including biopsy, endoscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, laser surgery, cryosurgery, electrosurgery, and excisional surgery

Managing Side Effects

Fatigue: Management

Fatigue can come and go or stay constant for a while. Fatigue from chemotherapy tends to occur a few days after the treatment, peaks, and then gets better before the next treatment. Fatigue from radiation may not happen right away.

Prevention and Screening

Cancer FAQs

Advanced Reading

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