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Format: 04/20/2014
Format: 04/20/2014


Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: Regional insights: Reducing healthcare costs without rationing

Tuesday, June 9th, 2009

By Harold D. Miller
Most of the national debate about health-care reform has been about how to provide health insurance to the millions of uninsured and underinsured individuals. But lack of insurance is just a symptom of the real problem. The high cost of health care has led many employers to drop insurance coverage, and that prevents many individuals from obtaining coverage on their own.

How do you reduce health-care costs? Reducing spending on hospital care has to be a big part of the solution. Hospital care has been the largest source of health-care spending growth in recent years, and a study by McKinsey & Co. found that spending on hospitals was the biggest reason that health-care costs in the United States are higher than in other countries.

Reducing spending on hospitals doesn't mean denying hospital care to people who need it. There are several ways in which hospital costs can be significantly reduced while actually making patients better off:

1. Help people with chronic disease stay well enough to avoid hospitalization. One of the largest categories of hospital expenditures is for care of people with chronic diseases. Studies have shown that as many as 50 percent of the hospital admissions for these individuals can be prevented through better care. Here in the Pittsburgh Region, UPMC St. Margaret Hospital, Renaissance Family Practice, Premier Medical Associates and Medi Home Health Agency are currently working with the Pittsburgh Regional Health Initiative (PRHI) to develop the first truly comprehensive approach to reducing hospital admissions and readmissions among chronic disease patients. Their innovative efforts, which will both reduce costs and improve patient outcomes, are already gaining national attention.

2. Reduce the use of unnecessary surgeries and procedures. National studies have shown that many patients unnecessarily receive expensive procedures such as heart surgery, diagnostic imaging and Cesarean sections, and that overuse of these procedures can result in worse outcomes for patients. One major opportunity for reducing costs and improving outcomes is in labor, delivery and newborn care, which is the largest category of hospital spending for people under age 65. A team at Magee Womens Hospital, using "Perfecting Patient Care" training they received from PRHI, reduced the rate of induced labor by 40 percent by avoiding inappropriate elective inductions, which can be more expensive and result in babies spending time in costly neonatal intensive care units. The team won the Fine Award from the Jewish Healthcare Foundation last year in recognition of its cutting-edge work.

3. Reduce infections and other complications of hospitalization. Hospital-acquired infections and other complications are both bad for patients and significantly increase costs for health insurers. Although conventional wisdom held that such infections were inevitable, Allegheny General Hospital used PRHI's Perfecting Patient Care techniques to prove that serious hospital-acquired infections could be completely eliminated. The AGH team also received a Fine Award from JHF.

To read more, visit the Post-Gazette web site.


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